The Auto Worker Unions and the Auto Industry: A Reading List Photo: Joel Batterman (Fresco by Hubert Massey)

The Auto Worker Unions and the Auto Industry: A Reading List

The six week strike by the UAW against General Motors ended on Friday, October 25th with a majority vote in favor of the proposed contract. It was the longest strike by the UAW against GM in nearly half a century, and was notable for the widespread media coverage and public sympathy for the strikers.

The union’s demands for significant wage increases, job security, and protecting health benefits and pensions clearly resonated with the general public. General Motors’ actions over the last year—including the closing of three major assembly plants while reaping record profits and huge tax breaks from Trump—easily made it a target for the rage that many working class and lower middle class Americans feel about their deteriorating living conditions.

Frustratingly, despite the enthusiasm of the strikers and public support, the contract was largely settled on terms more beneficial to GM than to the UAW strikers. The UAW has been weakened by decades of concessions and has become an embarrassment to the entire labor movement because of recent corruption scandals and a very public losing streak in organizing drives in the auto plants, not only in the U.S. South, but also in the Midwest.

These twin crises have raised serious questions about the future of the UAW. But, when 48,000 UAW members walked off the job at GM on September 15th, it sparked a renewed interest in the auto industry and the history of the UAW. It’s a funny thing about many Americans, who live in the most car-centered society in the advanced industrial world, that they know very little about the auto industry and the UAW. This is a big reversal from a mere generation ago and reflects the decline in interest in the industrial labor movement and manufacturing, despite the auto industry being central to the U.S. economy.

For today’s burgeoning generation of radicals and socialists, their knowledge of the UAW is largely of its heyday in the 1930s, while their knowledge of the auto industry is scant. Most young radicals know the UAW largely through graduate student organizing. The DSA is still formulating and implementing the labor perspectives passed at the August convention. I’ve put together this reading list in order to take advantage of the renewed interest in the UAW and the auto industry today, and what impact the GM strike may have on our perspectives.

The subject is vast and spans the history of manufacturing since the turn of the 20th Century and it crisscrosses with the history of the syndicalist, socialist, communist, and trade union movements. Issues of race, gender, and national oppression have always been at the center of worker organizing in auto plants going back over one hundred years. Today, the auto industry is at the center of discussions about a Green New Deal and the transition to an eco-socialist society. I hope this reading list can contribute further to that discussion.

A note on sources

Most of the books listed here are available at most central and college libraries. When JSTOR is cited, it is a digital archive available through many public library websites. I’ve usually given the full name of newspaper and journal sources but in the case of Against the Current magazine, it’s listed as ATC.

1: Who Won the Strike?

Carter Adams, ‘We’re the Sacrificial Lamb.’ Lordstown Workers React to UAW-GM Deal, October 18, 2019, WKSU, available here.

Neal E. Boudette, G.M. Workers Approve Contract and End U.A.W. Strike, New York Times, October 26, 2019, available here.

Chris Brooks & Jane Slaughter, Auto Workers Ask: If We Can’t Win It Now, When Will We?, Labor Notes, October 18, 2019, available here.

Chris Brooks, UAW & GM Have an Agreement. Will Strikers Vote Yes?, Labor Notes October 16, 2019, available here.

Mike Christen, Spring Hill UAW members vote down proposed agreement with General Motors, The Daily Herald, available here.

Dianne Feeley, The UAW Agreement Is a Bad Deal, Jacobin, October 23, 2019, available here.

Detroit News, Follow the UAW-GM contract vote, available here.

Kalea Hall, UAW strike day 38: Flint local approves pact, other major GM plants vote Thursday, USA Today, October 23, 2019, available here.

Mindy Isser, Why I’m Voting No on UAW’s Deal With GM: A “Third-Tier” Worker Speaks, In These Times, October 18, 2019, available here.

Sarah Jaffe, The Last Stand in Lordstown: With General Motors workers on strike since mid-September, a labor union in Ohio votes on a controversial contract, The New Republic, October 23, 2019, available here.

Werner Lange, UAW should reject tentative contract, Tribune Chronicle, October 20, 2019, available here.

Elisse Ramey, Mixed emotions from workers as UAW votes to ratify contract, WJRT (Flint), available here.

Dave Sess, ‘Nothing in there for us’: Many UAW members unhappy with GM’s contract, WKBN, October 18, 2019, available here.

John D. Still, For GM, the Strike Was Worth It for the Long Run: The real stakes weren’t wages or benefits, but the auto maker’s right to run the company as it sees fit, Wall Street Journal, Nov. 1, 2019, available here.

The Real News, The Autoworker Strike Is Over. Did GM Just Win? Interview with Jane Slaughter, November 4, 2019, available here.

UAW, UAW General Motors Members Ratify Contract, October 25, 2019, available here.

2: 2019 General Motors Strike

Chris Brooks, Arrests, Presidential Candidates, and Electric Vehicles: Updates on the GM Strike, Labor Notes, September 24, 2019, available here.

Mike Elk, The massive GM strike is energizing a new push among auto workers in the South that could shake up the industry, Business Insider, available here.

Dianne Feeley, Viewpoint: As Big Three Negotiations Open, Which Way Forward for the Auto Workers?, Labor Notes, July 19, 2019, available here.

Dianne Feeley, Why Is GM Playing Hardball With UAW?, Jacobin, October 10, 2019, available here.

Dianne Feeley, GM Workers Need More Than a Decent Contract, Jacobin, September 28, 2019, available here.

Toni Gilpin, Viewpoint: What’s Good for the Country? New Owners for GM, Labor Notes, December 13, 2018, available here.

Tammy Kim, The G.M. Strike Was the Best and the Worst of the Labor Movement, New York Times, October 17, 2019, available here.

Jane Slaughter, 49,000 Striking Auto Workers Should Vote No on “Two-Tier.” Here’s Why, In These Times, available here.

Vice, General Motors Fired Five Mexican Workers For Aiding the U.S. Auto Strike, available here.

3: Roots of Corruption

Thomas F. Adams, A tale of corruption by the United Auto Workers and the Big Three American automakers, available here.

Dianne Feeley, Why Does the UAW Keep Losing?, available here.

Laura M. Holson, Gary Jones, U.A.W. President, to Take a Leave of Absence, November 2, 2019, available here.

Frank Marquart, An Auto Worker’s Journal: The UAW from Crusade to One-Party Union, available here.

4: Plant Closings: Past and Present

Julia Reichert & Steven Bognar, The Last Truck: Closing of GM Plant, HBO Documentaries, available here.
Amy Goldstein, Janesville: An American Story, available here.

Gary Jones, A Message from UAW President Gary Jones, available here.

Elly Leary, “I was devastated when the plant closed [GM Framingham, Mass.] in The New Rank and File, 2000, available here.

Eric Mann, Taking on General Motors: A Case Study of the Campaign to Keep Gm Van Nuys Open, available here.

5: Green New Deal, Climate Crisis, and Auto Workers

Lars Henriksson, Can Autoworkers Save the Climate?, Jacobin, available here.

Midwest Socialist, Seize the Plant, Save the Planet: Organizing for a Green New Deal in the Rust Belt (video) with Natasha Fernández-Silber is a lawyer, filmmaker, and co-chair of the Detroit DSA. And Sean Crawford is an auto worker, UAW member, Democratic Socialist and activist in Detroit, August 26, 2019, available here.

Wendy Thompson, One Million Climate Jobs Now, Labor Notes, December 22, 2009, available here.

6: The ‘New’ U.S. Auto Industry: NUMMI, TESLA, Rivian, and ‘Detroit South’

Will Allen, U.S. Auto Industry Booms in Right-to-Work South, National Review, July 25, 2013, available here.

Assembly magazine, Mercedes-Benz Opens Assembly Plant in South Carolina, September 19, 2018, available here.

Neal Boudette, Ford to Invest $500 Million in Rivian, A Tesla Rival, New York Times, April 24, 2019, available here.

Blake Farmer, Nissan Is Growing Like Crazy In Tennessee, And Most New Hires Are Long-Term Temps, Nashville Public Radio, February 4, 2015, available here.

Daniel Gross, Big Three, Meet the “Little Eight”: How foreign car factories have transformed the American South, Slate, December 13, 2008, available here.

Isaac Groves, Honda gets incentives, but no more jobs are foreseen, Times-News, February 5, 2018, available here.

Timothy B. Lee, Musk broke the law with anti-union tweet, judge rules, Ars/technical, September 30, 2019, available here.

John Lippert, America’s Big Three automakers losing ground on crossovers to foreign makes, Chicago Tribune, August 3, 2018, available here.

Caroline Lund, The Barking Dog: A plant newsletter published by a militant worker 1997-2006 (at NUMMI). To order, write Barry Sheppard at lundshep at att dot net.

Jason Margolis, How Alabama is becoming the auto capital of the South, PRI’s The World, April 3, 2018, available here.

Alan Ohnsman, Inside Tesla’s Model 3 Factory, Where Safety Violations Keep Rising, Forbes.com, available here.

Benjamin Schultz, The Rise Of The Southern Automobile Industry, City-Data.com-Blog, November 8, 2016, available here.

Barry Sheppard, Caroline Lund: Reflections of a trade union militant and socialist (at NUMMI), available here.

Lisa Shibley, Tesla officially replaces NUMMI in Fremont, Silicon Valley Business Journal, October 27, 2010, available here.

Bruce Smith, Mercedes-Benz to build North Charleston plant with 1,300 jobs, Associated Press, March 6, 2015, available here.

Eric Taub, Tesla Got an Early Lead, but Luxury Electric Rivals Are Racing To Catch Up, New York Times, April 4, 2019, available here.

Peter Waldman, Inside Alabama’s Auto Jobs Boom: Cheap Wages, Little Training, Crushed Limbs, Bloomberg, March 23, 2017, available here.

7: Racism, Sexism, and Xenophobia in the Auto Plants

Joe Allen, When George Wallace Came to Town, Jacobin, available here.

Susan Chira & Catrin Einhorn, How Tough Is It to Change a Culture of Harassment? Ask Women at Ford, New York Times, December 19, 2017, available here.

Christine Choy & Renee Tajima-Peña, Who Killed Vincent Chin? Documentary film, 1989. Trailer available here.

Mike Davis, The Great God Trump and the White Working Class, Jacobin, February, 2, 2017, available here.

Dana Frank, Buy American: The Untold Story of Economic Nationalism, available here.

Jason Margolis, Long before bashing China on trade, Trump teed off on Japan, PRI’s The World, May 24, 2019, available here.

Bill Ruthhart, As UAW strike against GM drags on, President Donald Trump has plenty of 2020 supporters on key Michigan picket line, Chicago Tribune, available here.

Mallory Simon and Sara Sidner, Inside the GM plant where nooses and ‘whites-only’ signs hung, CNN, January 17, 2019, available here.

8: Canadian & Mexican Auto Industries and Unions

A: Canada

Bruce Allen, Manufacturing a crisis: Organized Labour and the Canadian Auto Industry, Briarpatch, August 1, 2008, available here.

Bruce Allen, The Demise of Pattern Agreements in Canada’s Auto Industry, New Socialist, May 23, 2011, available here.

Dimitry Anastakis, Auto Pact: Creating a Borderless North American Auto Industry, 1960-1971, available here.

Sam Gindin, The Canadian Auto Workers: The Birth and Transformation of a Union, available here.

Steve High, Industrial Sunset: The Making of North America’s Rust Belt, 1969-1984, available here.

Bob White, Hard Bargains : My Life on the Line, available here.

Charlotte Yates, From Plant to Politics: The Autoworkers Union in Postwar Canada, available here.

B: Mexican Auto Industry& Unions

David Agren, ‘Just the beginning’: Trump may disrupt 20-year boom for Mexico auto industry, The Guardian, January 7, 2017, available here.

David Agren, ‘We won’t be trampled on’: striking Mexican workers vow to fight the fight, The Guardian, February 17, 2019, available here.

David Bacon, With López Obrador In, Workers Have the Confidence to Walk Out, The American Prospect, February 6, 2019, available here.

Norman Caulfield, NAFTA and Labor in North America, available here.

IndustriAll, Independent union formed at Flex-N-Gate in Puebla, June 24, 2012, available here.

Justin Akers Chacon, The Rising Of The Maquiladora Workers, Socialist Worker, February 11, 2019, available here.

Chris Isidore, Why Mexico is so important to the American auto industry, CNN Business, May 31, 2019, available here.

Dan La Botz, Mask of Democracy: Labor Suppression in Mexico Today, 1999, available here.

Kim Moody & McGinn, Union and Free Trade: Solidarity vs. Competition, Labor Notes Book, 1992.

Ian Roxborough, Unions and Politics in Mexico: The Case of the Automobile Industry, 1984, available here.

Jeffrey S. Rothstein, A Good Job Is Hard To Find: U.S. and Mexican Autoworkers in the Global Economy, New Labor Forum, Fall 2010, available at JSTOR.

Maria Jose Sada, Foot on the Gas: Behind the Mexican Auto Boom, Harvard International Review, Fall 2015, available at JSTOR.

UAW, The Fight for Justice at Flex & Gate Puebla, Documentary, available here.

UAW, Union Front – Mexican Auto Work Volume Has Grown Seven-Fold, April 30, 2019, available here.

C: Working For Ford Abroad

Huw Beynon, Working for Ford (UK), available here.

Nigel Cole (Director), Made in Dagenham (Feature Film), 2010, available here.

Counter Information Service, Ford Motor Company: An Anti-Report, 1978, available here.

Greg Grandin, Fordlandia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Ford’s Forgotten Jungle City, available here.

Workers For Ford in Mexico, It was a bogus election in The New Rank and File, available here.

9: Historical Background & Debates: U.S. Auto Industry and Unions

A: The ‘Big Three’

Douglas G. Brinkley, Wheels for the World: Henry Ford, His Company, and a Century of Progress, available here.

David Halberstam, The Reckoning, 1988, available here.

Ralph Nader, Unsafe at Any Speed, 1965, available here.

Steve Jefferys, Management and Managed: Fifty Years of Crisis at Chrysler, 1986, available here.

Christopher Jensen, “50 Years Ago, ‘Unsafe at Any Speed’ Shook the Auto World,” New York Times, November 26, 2015, available here.

Micheline Maynard, Collision Course: Inside the Battle for General Motors, 1995, available here.

Micheline Maynard, The End of Detroit: How the Big Three Lost Their Grip on the American Car Market, 2003, available here.

Michael Moore, Roger and Me, 1989, available here.

Joshua Murray, Wrecked: How the American Automobile Industry Destroyed Its Capacity to Compete, 2019, available here.

Gregory Wood, GM Never Surrendered: Antiunion Politics on Auto Industry Shop Floors during the 1960s, available here.

B: The Auto Bosses

Henry Ford, My Life and Work, available here.

Lee Iacocca with William Novack, Iacocca: An Autobiography, 1984, available here.

John McDonald, A Ghost’s Memoir: The Making of Alfred P. Sloan’s My Years with General Motors, available here.

Stephen Meyer III, The Five Dollar Day: Labor Management and Social Control in the Ford Motor Company, 1908-1921, available here.

Ralph Nader, The Big Boys: Power and Position in American Business, 1986, available here.

Alfred P. Sloan, Jr, My Years with General Motors, available here.

Steven Watts, The People’s Tycoon: Henry Ford and the American Century, available here.

Patrick Wright, On a Clear Day You Can See General Motors: John Z. DeLorean’s Look Inside the Automotive Giant, 1979, available here.

C: Henry Ford’s Anti-Semitism: Legacy and Current Debate

Neil Baldwin, Henry Ford and the Jews: The Mass Production Of Hate, available here.

Paul Eisenstein, Mayor’s attempt to censor local article about Henry Ford’s anti-Semitism draws national attention, CNBC, available here.

Bill McGraw, 100 Years Later, Dearborn Confronts The Hate Of Hometown Hero Henry Ford, Deadline Detroit, available here.

PBS, Ford’s Anti-Semitism, The American Experience, available here.

D: US Auto Makers: Nazi Germany and Apartheid

Disinvestment for Humanity, General Motors in South Africa: Secret Contingency Plans “in the event of civil unrest,” available here.

Ken Silverstein, Ford and the Führer, The Nation, January 24, 2000, available here.

David Smith, General Motors settles with victims of apartheid regime, The Guardian, March 2, 2012, available here.

10: The UAW

Kevin Boyle, The UAW and the Heyday of American Liberalism, 1945–1968, available here.

Sidney Fine, Sit-Down: The General Motors Strike of 1936-1937, available here.

Martin Glaberman, Wartime Strikes: The Struggle Against the No Strike Pledge in the Uaw During World War II, available here.

Irving Howe, The UAW and Walter Reuther, 1949, available here.

Roger Keeran, The Communist Party and the Auto Workers Unions, 1980, available here.

Henry Kraus, The Many and Few: A Chronicle of the Dynamic Auto Workers, available here.

Henry Kraus, Heroes of Unwritten Story: The UAW, 1934-39, available here.

Alice & Staughton Lynd, Rank and File: Personal Histories by Working-Class Organizers, available here.

August Meier & Eliot Rudwick, Black Detroit and the Rise of the UAW, available here.

Stephen Meyer, Stalin over Wisconsin: The Making and Unmaking of Militant Unionism, 1900-1950, available here.

Kim Moody, An Injury To All, Verso, 1988, available here.

Wyndham Mortimer, Organize! My life as a union man, available here.

Victor G. Reuther, The Brothers Reuther and the Story of the UAW: A Memoir, available here.

William Serrin, The Company and the Union: The ‘Civilized’ Relationship between General Motors and the United Auto Workers (1973), available here.

Judith Stepan-Norris & Maurice Zeitlin, Talking Union, available here.

Studs Terkel, Interview with William Serrin discussing the ‘The Company and the Union’(1973), available here.

A: Women & the Founding of the UAW

Sol Dollinger and Genora Johnson Dollinger, Not Automatic: Women and the Left in the Forging of the Auto Workers’ Union, available here.

Loraine Gray, With Babies and Banners: Story of the Women’s Emergency Brigade (1979) documentary, available here.

Janice Hassett, Never Again Just A Woman: Women of the Auxiliary and Emergency Brigade in the General Motors Sit-Down Strike of 1937, available here.

Carlton Jackson, Child of the Sit-Downs: The Revolutionary Life of Genora Dollinger, available here.

B: Debating the role of the Left and the Founding of the UAW

Charles Williams, Introduction to When the UAW Was Young, ATC 131, November–December 2007, available here.

An interview with Erwin and Estar Baur, When the UAW Was Young, ATC 131, November–December 2007, available here.

Victor Devinatz, The Role of the Trotskyists in the United Auto Workers, 1939–1949, Left History, 10, (2005), available here.

Sol Dollinger, Flint and the Rewriting of History, ATC 62, May-June 1996, available here.

C: Debating Reuther’s Legacy

Victor G. Devinatz, Nelson Lichtenstein and the Politics of Reuther Scholarship, Labour / Le Travail, Vol. 51 (Spring, 2003), available here.

Elisabeth Reuther Dickmeyer, Putting the World Together: My Father Walter Reuther, The Liberal Warrior, 2004, available here.

Martin Glaberman, Walter Reuther,“Social Unionist,” (1996), available here.

Jane Slaughter, The Most Dangerous Man in Detroit (Book Review), ATC #64, available here.

Nelson Lichtenstein. The Most Dangerous Man In Detroit: Walter Reuther And The Fate Of American Labor, 1995, available here.

Nelson Lichtenstein, Response to Glaberman, Monthly Review, available here.

Nelson Lichtenstein, Reuther the Red?, Labour / Le Travail Vol. 51 (Spring, 2003), available here.

D: The Myth of the Happy Worker 1950s and 1960s

Daniel J. Clark, Disruption in Detroit: Autoworkers and the Elusive Postwar Boom, 2018, available here.

Charles Denby, Indignant Heart: A Black Worker’s Journal (1978), available here.

Richard Feldman & Michael Betzold, End of the Line: Autoworkers and the American Dream, 1990, available here.

Ben Hamper, Rivethead: Tales from the Assembly Line, 1992, available here.

Harvey Swados, The Myth of the Happy Worker (1957) in On The Line, available here.

Harvey Swados, On The Line: The classic collection of stories about life on the assembly line, available here.

B.J. Widick, Auto Work and Its Discontents, 1976, available here.

Jeremy Milloy, Blood, Sweat, and Fear: Violence at Work in the North American Auto Industry, 1960-80, available here.

11: Rank and File Rebellion in the Auto Industry: 1960’s & 1970s

Joe Allen, Roots of A Rank and File Revolt, Socialist Worker, available here.

Black Star Productions, Finally Got the News, available here.

Mike Siviwe Elliot, Talking with General Baker: Revolutionary Detroit Auto Worker, available here.

Dan Georgakas & Marvin Surkin, Detroit I Do Mind Dying (2012 edition), available here.

James A Geschwender, Class, Race, and Worker Insurgency: The League of Revolutionary Black Workers, available here.

Martin Glaberman, Unions vs. Workers in the Seventies: The Rise of Militancy in the Auto Industry (1972), available here.

Martin Glaberman, Black Cats, White Cats, Wildcats: Auto Workers in Detroit (1969), available here.

Michael Hamlin with Michele Gibbs, A Black Revolutionary’s Life in Labor: Black Workers Power in Detroit, available here.

William Serrin, The Company and the Union: The ‘Civilized’ Relationship between General Motors and the United Auto Workers (1973), available here.

Kieran Taylor, American Petrograd: Detroit and the League of revolutionary Black Workers in Rebel Rank and File, Verso, 2010, available here.

Studs Terkel, Interview with William Serrin discussing the ‘The Company and the Union’(1973), available here.

Jack Weinberg, Detroit Auto Uprising 1973 (1974), available here.

Workers Power newspaper, Black Panther Caucus at Fremont GM, Interview with Kenny Horsten, available here.

A: Lordstown: Strike and Legacy

Stanley Aronowitz, “Lordstown: Disruption on the Assembly Line” in False promises: The Shaping of American Working Class Consciousness, available here.

Will Bunch, In 1970s, workers at this GM plant tried to reinvent the American Dream. Instead, they watched it fade away, Philadelphia Inquirer, November 29, 2018, available here.

U.S. Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, Work in America: A report of A Special Task Force to the Secretary of H.E.W., available here.

Peter Herman, In the heart of the heart of the country: The Strike at Lordstown, available here.

Sarah Jaffe, The Road Not Taken: The shuttering of the GM works in Lordstown will also bury a lost chapter in the fight for workers’ control, New Republic, June 24, 2019, available here.

Erik Loomis, Lordstown and Workers in a Rebellious Age in A History of America in Ten Strikes, available here.

National Public Radio, Meet Some Of The Voices From ‘Working’ Then And Now: Gary Bryner, September 30, 2016, available here.

Studs Terkel interview with Gary Bryner, The Working Tapes: The Union Rep, available here.

Studs Terkel interview with Gary Bryner in Working: : People Talk About What They Do All Day And How They Feel About What They Do, 1997, available here.

Heather Ann Thompson, Auto Workers, Dissent, and the UAW: Detroit and Lordstown in Autowork edited by Robert Asher and Ronald Edsforth, 1995, available here.

Steve Wishnia, The Lordstown Strike Of ’72: Dreams Of Factory Liberation Deferred, The Labor Press, March 18, 2019, available here.

B: Jerry Tucker & New Directions, Soldiers of Solidarity

Joe Allen & Phil Gasper, Interview with Jerry Tucker 1992, available from JoeAllen705@gmail.com.

Autoworkers Caravan Blog, available here.

Autoworkers Caravan Facebook page, available here.

Al Benchich, Rank and File Auto Workers to Take On Concessions, Labor Notes, November 19, 2010, available here.

Tiffany Ten Eyck, Rank-and-File Auto Workers Reflect on Past, Plan for Future, Labor Notes, November 27, 2006, available here.

Alec MacGillis, The Man Who Could Have Saved Organized Labor, The New Republic, December 31, 2012, available here.

David Moberg, Jerry Tucker: A Life on the Front Lines for Workers, In These Times, October 28, 2012, available here.

Multinational Monitor, New Directions for the UAW: An Interview with Jerry Tucker, available here.

Gregg Shotwell, Autoworkers Under the Gun: A Shop-Floor View of the End of the American Dream, available here.

Gregg Shotwell interview, available here.

Micah Uetricht, Even After Death, Jerry Tucker Inspires Labor Activists, In These Times, October 29, 2013, available here.

12: Lean Production

Steve Babson, Lean Work: Empowerment and Exploitation in the Global Auto Industry, available here.

Laurie Graham, On the Line at Subaru-Isuzu: The Japanese Model and the American Worker, available here.

Satoshi Kamata, Japan in the Passing Lane: Insider’s Account of Life in a Japanese Auto Factory, available here.

Kim Moody, Workers In A Lean World, Verso, available here.

Mike Parker & Jane Slaughter, Choosing Sides: Unions and the Team Concept, 1988, available here.

Mike Parker & Jane Slaughter, Working Smart: A Union Guide to Participation Programs and Reengineering/With Union Strategy Guide, available here.

Mike Parker and Jane Slaughter, Unions and Management by Stress, in Stave Babson’s Lean Work: Empowerment and Exploitation in the Global Auto Industry, available here.

Mike Parker, Management-by-Stress: A Reply to Joshua Murray and Michael Schwartz, Catalyst, available here.

Mike Parker, ‘This American Life’ on Auto Workers: A Hack Job, Labor Notes, available here.

Mike Parker, Toyota and the Myth of Quality, Labor Notes, March 23, 2010, available here.

Gregg Shotwell, Review: In Shop Floor Newsletter, Voice of the Barking Underdog, Labor Notes, available here.

13: Caterpillar, International Harvester (Navistar) & Freightliner

Stephen Franklin, Three Strikes: Labor’s Heartland Losses and What They Mean for Working Americans, available here.

William Haycraft, Yellow Steel: The Story of the Earthmoving Equipment Industry, available here.

Toni Gilpin, A Louisville union built its strength as blacks, whites took on International Harvester, LEO Weekly, August 30, 2017, available here.

Toni Gilpin, The Long Deep Grudge: A Story of Big Capital, Radical Labor, and Class War in the American Heartland, Haymarket Books, 2020, available here.

Lee Sustar, Union-Busting at Freightliner, Socialist Worker, February 22, 2008, available here.

Lee Sustar, Standing up to union-busting in the South: Five defiant UAW members are fighting to win back their jobs, ISR #58, March–April 2008, available here.

Lee Sustar, The Freightliner Five Are Demanding Justice, Socialist Worker, August 8, 2008, available here.

14: Chrsyler Bailout to Bush-Obama Auto Bailout

Labor Notes Staff, Labor History: Concessions Trend Begins at Chrysler, Labor Notes, October 24, 2009, available here.

Peter Downs, UAW: Death of a Union?, July-August 1994, ATC 51, available here.

Peter Downs, On the UAW: Death of a Union?, ATC55, March-April 1995, available here.

Dianne Feeley, Accuride: A UAW Local’s Lonely Struggle, ATC 97, March–April 2002, available here.

Dianne Feeley, UAW Abandons Accuride Local, ATC 98, May–June 2002, available here.

Dianne Feeley, UAW: Undermining Solidarity, ATC 106, September–October 2003, available here.

Dianne Feeley, Auto-Armageddon?, ATC 130, September/October 2007, available here.

Dianne Feeley, Bob King and the “New” UAW, ATC 149, November-December 2010, available here.

Ron Lare & Judy Wraight, The UAW Contract’s Downhill Spiral, ATC 108, January–February 2004, available here.

Dianne Feeley, A Massive Crisis in Auto: Delphi, GM, the UAW, and Soldiers of Solidarity, ATC 120, January–February 2006, available here.

Diane Feeley & Wendy Thompson, The Crisis in the UAW: The restructuring of the U.S. Auto Industry, available here.

Kim Moody, Flint Strikes Settled, But Issues Go Unresolved, Labor Notes, September 08, 1998, available here.

Mike Parker, Transplanted to the U.S.A, Multinational Monitor, January/February 1990 – Volume 11 – Numbers 1& 2, available here.

Lee Sustar, The Labor Movement: State of Emergency, Signs of Renewal, ISR #34, March-April 2004, available here.

Lee Sustar, A Historic Surrender: The UAW’s deal at GM gives up equal pay for equal work—and dumps health- care costs on the union, ISR # 56, November–December 2007, available here.

Lee Sustar, The state of the US working class: Labor in an era of recession and austerity, ISR Issue #88, March 2013, available here.

Alexandra Bradbury, Chrysler Workers Vote 2 to 1 to Reject Two-Tier Pact, Labor Notes, October 01, 2015, available here.

15: Nissan, Volkswagen, and Fuyao Campaigns

Joe Allen, A Crushing Blow: The UAW’s defeat at a Mississippi Nissan factory will set back organizing the South for a long time, Jacobin, August 7, 2017, available here.

Joe Allen, American Factory Stops Short of Class Conflict, Jacobin, September 17, 2019, available here.

Chris Brooks, Volkswagen Declares Mission Accomplished, Labor Notes, July 23, 2019, available here.

Chris Brooks, Why the UAW Lost Again in Chattanooga, Labor Notes, June 14, 2019, available here.

Chris Brooks, After Nissan: Can We Organize the South?, Labor Notes, September 01, 2017, available here.

Chris Brooks, Why Did Nissan Workers Vote No?, Labor Notes, August 11, 2017, available here.

Hamilton Nolan, How the Battle for Mississippi Went South, Splintered News, August 9, 2017, available here.

Labor Notes Readers, Letters on Volkswagen and the United Auto Workers, July 29, 2019, available here.